The car market and the automotive sector in general are at the center of our lives, all over the world. The way of using the means of transport changes, the role and the value we assign them change, but they always play a central role in our work, in family relationships, in our projects for the future. And in the automotive sector today there is the convergence of everything important that is happening in the technological field.
The technological centrality of the automotive sector is demonstrated by phenomena such as the direct commitment of IT companies such as Google in the car industry , the use of electronic components by automotive manufacturers that is unparalleled in any other product, with ever closer integration between personal technological devices and the automobile. Any of the hottest keywords of the moment sees the automotive sector as the protagonist. If we talk about Big Data, it is impossible not to mention an application such as Google Traffic, based on the detection of the density of Android smartphones on the roads, nor to omit the monitoring carried out by smart cameras or “black boxes” installed in cars by insurance companies. If we talk about IoT (Internet of Things) , the commitment of producers globally is really hectic; already today the dialogue between smartphone and car is very sophisticated, but the vehicle is also able to receive real-time traffic alerts, to pay access tolls and parking spaces on its own, to transmit their favorite Spotify playlists.
interconnected carThe application to the automotive sector of IoT technologies is very significant, because in fact it is the only area where for the moment the Internet of Things is really implementing its promises in a sensible way. It is precisely here that all the major technological innovations, particularly affecting the electronics industry, are converging.
Technological innovations are also important at a social level , since the introduction of practices such as car sharing has proved to be very fertile and could lead to significant decreases in the number of cars in the cities, of time spent within them in the future and spending to manage them, as the Economist has also suggested . The new mobilityit must also be put in relation to important phenomena at a global level, such as the trend that sees almost 60 percent of the world population now live in the megalopolis. The same driverless cars can be seen as the trigger for important new changes: the carriage has already done without the horse and this has involved a revolution; what will happen when the driver does without ?
The 3 factors that make the automotive sector the most innovative
According to Andrew Macleod , of Mentor Graphics, universal convergence towards the automotive sector is guided by three key factors : consumer demand; driverless vehicles and electric vehicles.
The consumers want more and more to buy mobility, rather than cars, and are increasingly interested in the services that are around the car, to the entertainment, but also to factors such as security. We consumers will decide the true lines of market development. Meanwhile, the spread of electronics has brought up to 150 microprocessors in a single high-end vehicle and up to 100 thousand lines of software code.
The driverless car is the second key factor. Here technology is evolving faster than consumer expectations. The current challenge is how to keep the human driver busy so that he can intervene if necessary. Since it is estimated that 90 percent of accidents are caused by the human factor, in theory the driverless car should be decisive, but experience has so far shown a certain margin of error, which will require more help on the part. of artificial intelligence ( AI ).
The electric car promises clean energy, zero emissions, sustainable mobility and the opening of a new frontier for vehicle design. We will see new ways of moving within the historic centers and perhaps also a virtuous interaction between the widespread production of electricity and the management of the family vehicle fleet.